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It can be regarded as a type of private chain. It is generally operated by multiple organizations and it is partial-decentralized compared to a public chain.
It refers to a situation where two or more miners successfully calculate the harsh at the same time, which means finding the block.
Within Blockchain industry, it is the abbreviation form of Application Programming Interface.
Comprised of a series of letters and numbers, it is similar to a bank account, which is used to transfer and receive cryptocurrencies.
Asymmetric Cryptographic Algorithm
Known as a cryptographic algorithm, it requires 2 keys, the public key for encryption and the private key for decryption.
It refers to a type of trading by maximizing profits on price differences between exchanges.
It is a technique by which unauthorized access can be gained to a device or a network to exploit the sys tem‘s vulnerabilities.
Cosmos is a decentralized network of independent parallel blockchains, each powered by BFT consensus algorithms like Tendermint consensus. It officially launched in March 2019.
It refers to a series of laws and regulations decreed by authorities in order to prevent criminals from disguising illegal obtained funds as legitimate income.
Algorand_s consensus mechanism is permissionless and pure proof-of-stake. It ensures full participation, protection, and speed within a truly decentralized network.
It refers to alternative cryptocurrencies launched after bitcoin.
It happens when a trader‘s loss exceeds the deposit in his or her account due to the vaｒiation of the market.
Refers to a computer file that records transaction information. A blockchain is created when blocks are connected as a continuous chain.
It is comprised of blocks and become a chain. The block refers to a digital piece of information of a database.
Created by Satoshi Nakamoto, it is a cryptocurrency integrated with the subjects of Cryptography and Consensus Mechanism.
Byzantine Generals Problem
Proposed by Leslie Lambert in 1982, it is the fault-tolerant problem of peer-to-peer network. Bitcoin solves this problem by Proof of Work Consensus.
Brute Force Attack
It refers to a method in cryptography which obtains information such as passwords by trying all the possible answers.
When a trader believes that an asset will rise in value, he or she is “bullish“ on the asset.
It is an event that took place on May 22, 2010.
Refers to the positive market trend.
It refers to the inaccurate signal that indicate market price increases but in fact, the price will continue to decrease.
It refers to a gloomy and negative market condition.
Black Swan Event
Refers to the unpredictable and influential events such as 911 and Brexit.
When a traders believe that an asset will drop in value, he or she is “bearish“ on the asset.
Refers to the rewards that miners receive for finding new blocks by using mining devices. Different cryptocurrencies have different rewards based on respective blocks in the blockchain.
The number of blocks within the blockchain from its genesis block.
It refers to the large volume trading.
Bytom Blockchain Protocol
It is an interactive protocol of multiple byte assets.
Behavior where an investor starts to purchase and hoard a large sum of some currency.
All cryptocurrencies except Bitcoin can be called a copycat coin. However, they are not counterfeit, but rather a new kind of coin developed based on Bitcoin source code.
It is a type of trading to gain profits by speculating on crypto price.
It refers to the type of trading by purchasing one crypto at the price of another crypto, such as purchasing Bitcoin using USDT（as in BTC/USDT）.
It is a sys tem to reach agreements about whether a piece of information.
It could be seen as a token given away to users.
It refers to the act of reducing the amount of crypto assets in position when the prices are dropping.
It is a wallet that is not connected to the network and therefore it is more secure to store crypto assets.
As the measurement of Bitcoin network processing power, it can measure the speed of the Hash Function output calculated by CPU.
It is a virtual currency developed by using cryptography and encryption techniques.
It is a Chinese metaphor in the crypto industry which describes investors who are not familiar with the cryptocurrency market.
Cryptography is a branch of Mathematics and Computer science.
It refers to individuals or organization that try to make profit from any situation with large amount of capital.
A consensus is an agreement reached by different parties.
It is a process in computer science used to achieve agreement on a single data value among distributed processes or _s.
It is a type of standardized futures trading.
It is a privacy service.
The practice of obeying rules or requests made by an authority.
It is one of the layers of a blockchain sys tem, consisting of va rious scr ipts, algorithms, and smart contracts.
It contains the entire blockchain. Users can not only receive, store and send cryptocurrencies with it but also program on it.
Drop Below Market Debut
It refers to the situation where the price of a coin or token drops below its issuing price.
Delegated Proof of Stake
It requires coin/token holders to vote for representatives who are responsible for validating the transaction and maintaining the network.
It refers to the private network connected by non-standard protocol and ports, and credible nodes, which cannot be accessed by regular protocols.
It is the abbreviation form of Decentralized Application which is run on a P2P network.
It is a shared and synchronized database based on P2P technology for data and asset transaction records. Blockchain is regarded as a type of distributed ledger.
It is a word used to assess whether an Exchange is capable of remaining stable when there is a lot of large volume trading.
Similar to a personal signature singed on paper, a digital signature is a string of encrypted numbers developed by the message sender and impossible to forge by others.
It refers to a given amount of coins that are spent twice or more.
Dead Cat Bounce
It refers to the price of some coin that keeps declining and then temporarily bounces. But it keeps dropping afterward.
It is the world wide web whose hidden contents cannot be visited by search engines.
Decentralization is an updated sys tem to access, store, and update data on the internet from not only a few connected portals.
Short form for Decentralized Exchange, which does not rely on a central authority and allows peer-to-peer trading.
Distributed Denial of Service Attack （DDoS Attack）
It is a cyber-attack in which the perpetrator overwhelms a server with traffic, slowing down and disrupting the normal traffic of the server and making it unavailable for others.
Distributed Cloud Computing
It is the technology to have multiple computers work at the same on a single problem.
It is the funds placed in an account as the first installment on a purchase or as a pledge for a contract.
Refers to transactions of minuscule amounts of token/coins in which the value of the token/coins is lower than the cost of spending it.
t is a cryptocurrency featuring a likeness of the Shiba Inu dog with the “Doge“ Internet meme as its logo.
An open-source, smart contract, and decentralized blockchain-based application platform, which was proposed by Vitalik Buterin.
Refers to an address that is not recognized by the Blockchain or loses its private key.
It is a kind of algorithm which encrypts the original information into a series of unreadable cipher-text, while the process is irreversible.
Refers to the malicious act that aims to attack some node in the network. It prevents a certain target from getting an accurate picture of the real network state.
The opposite of OTC, meaning that the trading activity occurs on an exchange.
It is the bonus distributed by an exchange that users receive by holding the token issued by that exchange.
It is an official protocol for proposing improvements to the Ethereum （ETH） network.
It refers to the value or price of one currency expressed in another currency.
It is the lawful currency issued by the central bank of a country, such as Chinese Yuan, US Dollar, and Japanese Yen.
Fiat Currency Trading
It is the trading within users. For example, after transferring fiat money to a seller, the buyer receives the crypto from the seller.
Refers to the behaviour of investing all the funds to purchase crypto asset at one time.
It refers to the news favourable to the rise of currency price.
The general term for both a hard fork and a soft fork.
It is a new cryptocurrency generated from a blockchain_s hard fork. e.g BCH is BTC_s fork coin.
Fiat Collateralized Stable Coin
It refers to a type of stablecoin which is backed by a fiat currency.
The 1st block created in the Blockchain.
The Ghost Protocol
It was introduced and implemented by Ethereum.
The amount of one‘s crypto asset in position.
An encryption function that is able to transform any information into a fixed-length string.
Refers to a situation where a new kind of Blockchain is diverted from the original.
This is a sort of wallet used to store coins online, but it only can be used when there is a network connection, so it is less safe than a cold wallet, which stores coins offline.
It refers to the mechanism that the bitcoin block reward will be reduced by half every 210,000 blocks, so as to the control the supply and maintain the value of the currency.
It is a risk management strategy used to offset potential losses on investment by investing in another venture which is expected to perform the opposite way.
It is an open-source project which aims to advance cross-industry blockchain technologies.
A typo of “Hold.“ It refers to the strategies of holding crypto assets and not selling them.
Hashed Timelock Contract
It is a technology that enables transactions and transfer of tokens issued on different blockchains.
It generally refers to experts who have an advanced understanding of computer _s and networks such as programmers.
It is a sys tem designed to enhance the efficiency of a single consensus mechanism, usually integrated with more than 2 consensus protocols.
A large order which is presented as a smaller limit order to hide the actual order quantity.
Similar to an Initial Coin Offering （ICO）, Initial Exchange Offering is a fundraising method for cryptocurrency projects when first listed on an exchange.
It is a kind of fundraising method for cryptocurrency projects when they are about to issue their token or coins.
Know Your Customer
A standard procedure to verify a customer’s identity in order to deter illegal behaviors such as money laundering.
An act of closing futures trading.
It refers to the situation where an investor buys a lot of crypto with funds and holds a lesser amount of cash.
It refers to the situation where tokens or coins are not allowed to be traded in a certain time period.
Investors start to buy some currency with the expectation of a price rise in the future. Once its price rises, they sell it at a high price to be able to take profits.
This term was first proposed in 2015 with the purpose of improving the scalability of Bitcoin transactions.
Long Range Attack
It is an attack where an adversary creates the other branch on the blockchain, starting from the Genesis block and replaces the legal mainchain.
Long Wick Candle
It appears when the price of a stock or token decreases or increases dramatically within a short period of time, indicating that the price might see a reverse trend.
Refers to those investors who have access to massive capital and conduct a large amount of trading - in frequency and in quantity.
It refers to an individual who wants to get the block reward by using computers to calculate the encryption functions.
It is a process using high-performance computing devices to tackle complicated computational math problems, and as a result, tokens are rewarded to the miner completed the block.
It is used to calculate encryption functions, usually performing a single calculation program and being equipped with a mining chip.
Miners combine their computational power over a network and become a joint mining group. The mining pool assigns calculation tasks to each miner （mining rig） connected to the pool.
A place which has a large number of mining rigs to mine cryptocurrencies.
The nodes created to attack other networks.
Also known as Hash Tree, a Merkel Tree is a tree-like data structure.
Refers to cryptos whose market values rank the top. Common mainstream currencies are BTC, LTC and ETH etc.,
Mainnet is a reliable network protocol of blockchain where transaction information can be verified and recorded.
It is a behavior to stabilize the price of a cryptocurrency by purchasing a large number of it to prevent its price from plunging.
It is a type of wallet that requires at least two private keys to authorize a transaction.
It is a type of wallet that enables transactions of crypto assets on different mainnets. It can store more than one type of crypto asset.
It refers to the entire stock of a country‘s fiat currency. It consists of the cash in circulation and the deposits.
It is a mechanism requiring multiple keys to authorize a transaction.
This is a string of automatically generated numbers during the process of mining. Using this string of numbers, miners are likely to figure out Hash Function to get the block reward.
It refers to a connecting point in a decentralized network. A node can be a mobile phone, a computer or a mining rig. The more nodes a network has, the more secure it will be.
Built on the ERC-721 standard, it is a particular type of cryptographic token representing something unique that cannot be interchanged for another.
They are the tokens that are nontransferable nor interchangeable.
Neutrality of Money
It is an economic theory that the changes in the supply of money have no impact on the overall economy.
They are the blocks that are not recogized by the Blockchain.
In the cryptocurrency field, any transactions completed outside the Exchange can be seen as OTC.
Investors create positions by buying or selling a certain amount of future contracts.
It is a type of blockchain that allow anyone to check, exchange transaction data, and participate in the process of consensus.
Proof of Work
Proposed by Satoshi Nakamoto, it is designed to solve the Byzantine Generals Problems.
Proof of Stake
It is a mechanism designed to distribute interest according to the number of tokens that users are staking.
It is a form of fraud created by Chales Ponzi.
It is a decentralized storage _ which leverages the storage capacity of each node of a network and therefore enhancing the network efficiency.
Public and private key pair is a pair of closely related cryptographic keys. Associated with the address of a crypto, the private key is non-public.
The public key and private key are a pair of keys generated from encryption algorithm.
It refers to the readable information transmitted from a sender to a receiver.
Potential Blockchain Project
It means a crypt token that is considered worth investing in.
It is a scheme that uses funds of multiple users to pay back other users.
It is an operation of restoring a program or data to its previous status due to data process errors.
It is the process of identifying, analyzing, and mitigating the risks in investments.
In cryptography, a ring signature refers to a kind of digital signature that is created by any member of a group of users, which each have their own keys.
It refers to the situation where an investor holds more cash and a small amount of crypto in his account.
Refers to the procedure of a temporary program upgrade.
It is a style of trading that attempts to gain profits by going long or short in multiple trading sessions in a shorter period （several times at a day or in a week）.
It refers to an individual who manages to create multiple accounts for the purpose of controlling the whole network by getting enough nodes.
A coin whose price can remain stable without significant fluctuation.
This is a smart contract technology that enables the transaction of one cryptocurrency for another without intermediaries.
The creator of Bitcoin, but his real identity remains unknown.
First proposed by Nick Szabo in the 1990s, it is a kind of computer protocol aiming at disseminating and verifying contracts.
Investors sell the currency at the current price with the expectation of price decline in the future.
Refers to the stable average price during a period of time that no obvious fluctuations was observed.
it refers to an altcoin that has no intrinsic value since it does not have any use cases or a proper project behind it.
It is a method used to divide an extensive database into smaller parts in order to make it faster and easier to process.
A sidechain is a separate blockchain attached to its mainchain.
It is a type of wallet that requires only one private key to authorize a transaction.
Super-sovereign Reserve Currency
A super currency is a hypothetical global currency.
In accounting and finance industries, it is an analysis of a business_s financial state - including health, competitors, and markets.
Tokens refer to the Blockchain circulating units such as BTC, ETH, etc.
It refers to the sign that is set to mark events, and it can record what has happened at a certain time. Each transaction is arranged in order by the marked time.
A public blockchain consists of its mainnet and testnet.
To the moon
It means the surge of a token‘s price. Some joke about linking this phenomenon with the possibility of buying a Lamborghini, saying “When moon, When Lambo“.
It is a network connected to, interacting with and recognized by general （household）objects.
It refers to a trader who place an order that trades immediately by filling an existing order on the order book.
Indicates the frequency of the exchange of cryptocurrency being traded during a certain period as a reflection of liquidity.
It refers to the news that leads to the decline of currency price.
Designed to keep cryptos, a wallet consists of an address which is connected to the respective blockchain.
It is an introduction to a Blockchain project, including its mission and purpose, technical background, team, token allocation, etc.
It is a collection of trusted individuals, computer programs or cryptocurrency addresses.
It is often used to describe an individual or an organization that holds a large sum of crypto assets and can impact the markets.
It is a kind of service provided to those who want to conduct mining but do not want to buy mining devices.